F0 has varying degrees of malnutrition risk after receiving COVID-19 treatment, making the body tired, less resistant, and susceptible to infection. So nutrition is very important…
According to MSc. Nguyen Van Tien – Nutrition Education Clearinghouse – National Institute of Nutrition, COVID-19 patients may experience prolonged infectious fever and respiratory failure. Therefore, after a treatment period, the health of the patient is impaired, the function of the respiratory and digestive organs is weakened, and the risk of malnutrition varies from patient to patient.
Malnourished patients have decreased muscle mass and function, adversely affecting adipose tissue and bone mass, and exhausting the patient’s body. At the same time, malnutrition also affects resistance, immune response and susceptibility to infection.
Proper nutrition will quickly help improve malnutrition and restore patient health.
Below is nutritional information F0 for MSc.BS after COVID-19 treatment. Courtesy of Nguyen Van Thien.
1. Nutritional recovery of F0 after COVID-19 treatment
Energy in the diet will be provided by foods belonging to 3 groups:
Carbohydrate-rich food group (rice, grains, potatoes, tubers); protein-rich food (animal meat, poultry, fish and seafood, various legumes); fat-rich food group (animal fat, butter, vegetable oil, oily nuts).
In general, a reasonable diet needs to provide adequate amounts and ensure a reasonable ratio between the three energy-producing substances: 13-20% protein (protein), 20-25% fat (lipid), and 20- 25% fat (lipid). . . %. Carbohydrates (sugars) from 55-65%.
For example, a person with a total daily energy intake of 2000 calories, a P:L:G energy ratio of 15:20:55, 300 calories for 75 grams of protein, 400 calories for 45 grams of fat, and 1100 calories from 275 grams of carbohydrates.
Eat a variety of foods, combine 15-20 foods, and change dishes frequently throughout the day. The daily diet should balance animal and plant protein sources (meat, fish, eggs, milk, shrimp, crab, seafood…beans, legumes…). In addition, vegetable oils and animal fats should be in a balanced diet.
However, people who have just recovered from COVID-19 should choose proteins of high biological value that provide adequate amounts of essential amino acids. Amino acids play a role in maintaining bodily functions, participating in protective barriers, exercise, and nutrient absorption.
Good nutrition combined with treatment can help prevent, support and overcome infections and help fight the COVID-19 pandemic, while helping to save costs and resources to the system. Healthcare and patients and their families.
In terms of fat, it is recommended to eat vegetable oil and animal fat, and the ratio of animal fat/total fat is less than 60%. However, it is recommended to use fats from fish, vegetable oils and to limit fats from poultry (chicken, duck…), mammals (pork), cattle…).
People after COVID-19 treatment often feel tired and anorexia, so they need to eat several times a day, about 5 meals a day, to avoid eating too much and causing breathing difficulties.
This dish is cooked in a soft stew and is finely chopped for easy digestion and absorption by children. Eat less boiled, steamed, and cooked foods, and less fried, deep-fried, and roasted foods, as they are not easily digested.
2. Increase your intake of green vegetables and fruits
Antioxidant vitamins and minerals that have a good effect on people after treatment are vitamins A, C, D, E and minerals such as iron, zinc, etc., which have anti-inflammatory and anti-infective effects.
Vegetables are rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber. Vitamins and minerals play an extremely important role in helping to improve resistance and immunity against disease-causing viruses and bacteria. Eat dark green vegetables and red or yellow fruits rich in vitamins A, C, and E.
In addition, spinach also aids in better digestion, limits cholesterol absorption, and limits constipation. The demand for green vegetables and fruits is 400-600 g/person/day.
3. Increase moisture
People with COVID-19 often lose water and some electrolytes (such as sodium and potassium) from fever, pneumonia, and infection, so increase your water intake to replace lost fluids to help your body recover. . hurry up. Recovery is essential.
Choosing a drink with added vitamins, minerals, fiber, antioxidants, water made only from green vegetables, fruits, etc. depends on your preferences. everyone’s.
4. F0-restricted foods after handling COVID-19
– F0 after COVID-19 treatment should not eat foods that contain a lot of cholesterol, such as: animal organs, brains…should eat at least 3 meals a week of fish meal, 3 eggs/1 week and drink water.